Sura 47
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Muhammad (Muhammad)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1Those who reject Allah and hinder men from the path of Allah, their deeds will Allah render astray.

2But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness and believe in the revelation sent down to Muhammad, for it is the truth from their Lord, He will remove from them their ills and improve their condition.

3This because those who reject Allah follow vanities while those who believe follow the truth from their Lord: Thus does Allah set forth for men their lessons by similitudes.

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Alazina kafaru wa saddu an sabilillahi adhalla amalahum

2Wa lazina amanu wa amilu salihati wa amanu bima nuzila ala muhammadiw wa huwal haqqu mirab bihim kafara anhum sayi atihim wa aslaha balahum

3Zalika bi anna lazina kafaru ta baul batila wa anna lazina amanu tabaul haqqa mi rabbihim kazalika yadribul lahu li nasi amsalahum

[Commentary continues below.]

4Therefore when you meet the unbelievers smite at their necks; at length when you have thoroughly subdued them, bind a bond firmly on them: thereafter is the time for either generosity or ransom: Until the war lays down its burdens. Thus you are commanded: but if it had been Allah’s will He could certainly have exacted retribution from them; but He lets you fight in order to test you some with others. But those who are slain in the way of Allah He will never let their deeds be lost.1

5Soon will He guide them and improve their condition.

6And admit them to the garden which He has announced for them.

7O you who believe! if you will aid Allah, He will aid you and plant your feet firmly.

4Fa iza laqitumu lazina kafaru fadarbar riqab hata iza atskantumuhum fasyud dul watsaqa fa imma man nan badu wa imma fida an hata tadaal harbu auza raha zalik wa lau yasya ul lahu lan tashara minhum wa lakil liyabluwa badakum bibadh wa lazina qutilu fi sabilillahi fala yudil la amalahum

5Sayahdihim wa yuslihu balahum

6Wa yudhiluhumul jannata arafaha lahum

7Ya ayyuha lazina amanu in tansurul laha yansurkum wa yutsab bit aqdamakum

 

1. This chapter named after Muhammad is also known “The Fighting”, in it is described how unbelievers are to be treated. Embark on Jihad against them, brutally kill them, and when they are subdued, take them as Prisoners of War (enslave them). This is how Islam was spread. On the contrary, the Christian is told to show love to his enemies, pray for him and be nice to him. We are to live our lives exemplary before a world of unbelievers (Matthew 5:44). Conviction on the unbeliever is not achieved by the sword, but by the Spirit of God Almighty.

8But those who reject Allah for them is destruction and Allah will render their deeds astray from their mark.

9That is because they hate the revelation of Allah; so He has made their deeds fruitless.

10Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the end of those before them? Allah brought utter destruction on them and similar fates await those who reject Allah.

11That is because Allah is the protector of those who believe but those who reject Allah have no protector.

8Wa lazina kafaru fatasal lahum wa adhal la amalahum

9Zalika bi annahum karihu maanzalal lahu fahbata amalahum

10Afalam yasiru filardi fayanzuru kaifa kana aqibatul lazina min qablihim dam marallahu alaihim wa lilkafirina amsaluha

11Zalika bi annallaha maula lazina amanu wa annal kafirina la maula lahum

[Commentary continues below.]

12Verily, Allah will admit those who believe and do righteous deeds to gardens beneath which rivers flow; while those who reject Allah will enjoy and eat as cattle eat; and the fire will be their abode.

13And how many cities with more power than your city which has driven you out have We destroyed? And there was none to aid them.

14Is then one who is on a clear path from his Lord no better than one to whom the evil of his conduct seems pleasing and such as follow their own lusts?

12Inna laha yudhilul lazina amanu wa amilu salihati jannatin tajri min tahtihal anhar wa lazina kafaru yatama tauna wa yakuluna kama takulul anamu wannaru matswal lahum

13Wa ka ayim min qaryatin hiya asyadu qu watam min qaryatikal lati akhrajatka ahlaknahum fala nasira lahum

14Afaman kana ala ba yinatim mir rabbihi kaman zu yina lahu suu amalihi wat tabau ahwa ahum

 

[Commentary continues below.]

15A parable of the garden which the righteous are promised: in it are rivers of water incorruptible: rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits and grace from their Lord. Can those in such bliss be compared to such as shall dwell for ever in the fire and be given to drink boiling water so that it cuts up their bowels?

16And among them are men who listen to you but in the end when they go out from you they say to those who have received knowledge: “What is it he said just then?” Such are men whose hearts Allah has sealed and who follow their own lusts.

17But to those who receive guidance, He increases guidance and bestows on them their piety and restraint from evil.

18Do they then only wait for the hour that it should come on them of a sudden? But already have come some tokens thereof and when it is on them how can they benefit then by their admonition?

15Masalul jannatil lati wuidal mu taqun fiha anharum mim main gairi asin wa anharum mil labanil lam yataga yar tamuhu wa anharum min kamril la zatil li saribin wa anharum min asalim mushaf fa wa lahum fiha min kulit samarati wa magfiratum mi rabbihim kaman huwakhalidun fi nari wa suqu ma an hamiman faqa taa am a ahum

16Wa minhum ma yastamiu ilaik ha ta iza haraju min indika qalu lil lazina utul ilma maza qala anifa ulaika lazina tabaal lahu ala qulubihim wa tabau ahwa ahum

17Wa lazina tadau zadahum huda wa atahum taqwahum

18Fahal yanzuruna illa saata an tatiyahum bagtatan faqad jaa asratuha fa anna lahum iza jaathum zikrahum

 

[Commentary continues below.]

19Know therefore that there is no god but Allah and ask forgiveness for the fault and for the men and women who believe: for Allah knows how you move about and how you dwell in your homes.2

20Those who believe say “Why is not a surah sent down?” But when a surah of basic or categorical meaning is revealed and fighting is mentioned therein you will see those in whose hearts is a disease looking at you with a look of one in swoon at the approach of death: but more fitting for them.

21Were it to obey and say what is just and when a matter is resolved on it were best for them if they were true to Allah.

19Falam annahu la ilaha illal lahu wastagfir lizan bika wa lil muminina wal muminat wal lahu yalamu mutaqal labakum wa matswakum

20Wa yaqulu lazina amanu laula nu zilat surah fa iza unzilat suratum muhkamatu wa zukira fihal qitalu ra aital lazina fi qulubihim maradu yanzuruna ilaika nazaral magsiy yi alaihi minal maut fa au la lahum

21Taatuw wa qaulum marufun fa iza azamal amru falau sadaqul laha lakana hairal lahum

 

2. Please refer to notes on 40:55.

22Then is it to be expected of you if you will do no mischief in the land and break your ties of kith and kin?

23Such are the men whom Allah has cursed for He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.

24Do they not then earnestly seek to understand the Qur’an or are their hearts locked up by them?

25Those who turn back as apostates after guidance was clearly shown to them, the evil one has instigated them and buoyed them up with false hopes.

26This because they said to those who hate what Allah has revealed “We will obey you in part of this matter”; but Allah knows their secrets.

22Fahal asaitum intawal laitum an tufsidu filardi wa tuqath tiu arhamakum

23Ulaikal lazina laanahumul lahu fa asham mahum wa ama absarahum

24Afala yatadab barunal qurana am ala qulubin aqfaluha

25Innal lazinar ta duala adbarihim min badi ma taba yana lahumul hudas syaitanu sa wala lahum wa amla lahum

26Zalika bi annahum qalu lil lazina kafiru ma na zalal lahu sabutiukum fi badil amri wa lahu yalamu israrahum

 

27But how will it be when the angels take their souls at death and smite their faces and their backs?

28This because they followed that which called forth the wrath of Allah and they hated Allah’s good pleasure; so He made their deeds of no effect.

29Or do those in whose hearts is a disease think that Allah will not bring to light all their rancor?

30And had We so willed We could have shown them up to you and you should have known them by their marks: but surely you will know them by the tone of their speech! And Allah knows all that you do.

31And We shall try you until We test those among you who strive their utmost and persevere in patience; and We shall try your reported mettle.

27Fakaifa iza tawa fat humul malaikatu yadribuna wujuhahum wa adbarahum

28Zalika bi annahumu tabau ma askatal laha wa karihu ridwanahu fa ahbata amalahum

29Am hasibal lazina fi qulubihim maradun al la yukrijal lahu adganahum

30Wa lau nasyau la arainakahum falaaraftahum bisimahum wa latarifan nahum fi lahnil qaul wal lahu yalamu amalakum

31Wa lanabluwan nakum ha ta nalamal mujahidina minkum wa sabinina wa nabluwa akbarakum

 

32Those who reject Allah hinder men from the path of Allah and resist the apostle after guidance has been clearly shown to them will not injure Allah in the least but He will make their deeds of no effect.

33O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the apostle and make not vain your deeds!

34Those who reject Allah and hinder men from the path of Allah then die rejecting Allah, Allah will not forgive them.

35Be not weary and faint hearted crying for peace. When you should be uppermost: for Allah is with you and will never put you in loss for your (good) deeds.

32Innal lazina kafaru wa sa du an sabilil lahi wa saq qu rasula min badi ma taba yana lahumul huda lay yadur rullaha sai a wa sayuhbitu amalahum

33Ya ayyuhal lazina amanu atiul laha wa atiu rasula wa la tubtilu amalakum

34Innal lazina kafaru wa sa duan sabilil lahi summa matu wa hum kufarun fala yagfiral lahu lahum

35Fala tahinu wa tadu ila salmi wa antumul alauna wal lahu maakum wa la yatirakum amalakum

 

 

36The life of this world is but play and amusement: and if you believe and guard against evil, He will grant you your recompense and will not ask you to give up your possessions.

37If He were to ask you for all of them and press you, you would covetously withhold and He would bring out all your ill feeling.

38Behold you are those invited to spend of your substance in the way of Allah: but among you are some that are niggardly. But any who are niggardly are so at the expense of their own souls. But Allah is free of all wants and it is you that are needy. If you turn back from the path He will substitute in your stead another people; then they would not be like you!

36Innamal hayatud dunya laibu wa lah wa in tuminu wa ta taqu yutikum ujurakum wa la yas alkum amwalakum

37Iy yas alkumuha fayuhfikum tabkhalu wa yukhrij adganakum

38Ha antum ha ulai tadauna litunfiqu fi sabilil lah fa minkum ma yabkhalu wa ma yabkhal fa in nama yabkhalu an nafsih wal lahul ganiyu wa antumul fuqarau wa in yastabdil qauman gairakum summa la yakunuamsalakum

 

 

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